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tv   Reporters  BBC News  January 8, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm GMT

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hello. this is bbc news. the headlines... the prime minister says says britain cannot expect to hold on to "bits" of its membership after leaving the eu. theresa may insisted she will be able to secure control over immigration to the uk as well as favourable trading terms with the eu during brexit negotiations. a lorry has rammed into a group of israeli soldiers injerusalem, killing four and injuring 15. police are treating the incident as a terror attack. the israeli ambassador in london has apologised after an embassy official was secretly filmed saying he wanted to "take down" the foreign office minister sir alan duncan, who's a strong critic ofjewish settlements. the average amount of unsecured debt has reached a record—high of almost £13,000 per uk household. heavy snowfalls and sub—zero temperatures are continuing across europe and the eastern united states — causing more than 20 deaths — and bringing transport chaos. now on bbc news, reporters.
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hello and welcome to reporters. i'm karin giannone. from here in the world's newsroom, we send out correspondents to bring you the best stories from across the globe. in this week's programme, inside istanbul's reina nightclub. mark lowen gets exclusive access to the scene of turkey's new year's eve terror attack, in which 39 people died. the owners of reina say they will reopen the nightclub. it's a sign of the defiant mood here. 0n the front line of yemen's civil war. nawal al—maghafi joins government troops as they try to recapture the capital sana'a from rebel forces. translation: people are lost, but at least land is liberated. the rebels are retreating
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on a daily basis. the bright lights of atlantic city, which failed to really shine. nick bryant asks what the project tells us about donald trump's business track record. so when he says he can make america great again? i don't think so. my wound was slight and i was hobbling back, then a shell burst, slick upon the duck boards. 100 years on, robert hall remembers the battle of passchendaele, one of the first world war‘s bloodiest. and the power of vinyl. david sillito finds out why, in the era of streaming and downloads, records are making a comeback. but not everyone is convinced. it's like a pizza. that's huge. that's something that goes round in a circle. it was a shocking attack, marking a bloody end to a year which saw turkey repeatedly targeted by so—called islamic state. as people celebrated the new year
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at one of istanbul's most popular nightclubs, a lone gunman opened fire, killing 39 people. dozens more were injured in the attack, which is said they carried out. as police hunted for the gunman, mark lowen was the only foreign journalist allowed into the club, reina, where the attack took place, and sent this report. days ago this place was full ofjoy, of life, of celebration. today, reina nightclub is a crime scene, scarred by terror. we were the only british media allowed in, briefly. a rare glimpse of where 39 people were killed on new year's eve. imagine the horror as 180 bullets were sprayed here. people jumping into the freezing bosphorus to escape. the owners of reina say they will reopen the nightclub.
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it's a sign of the defiant mood here. yes, people are sombre, yes, they are fearful, but turks have lived with the terror threat for decades, albeit on a smaller scale, and they are determined not to let it defeat them. watch the right—hand side of this footage from the attack. a manjumps over a low fence outside the nightclub to avoid the bullets. then the gunman runs up to the door, shooting his way into reina. that man on the right of the video was nightclub manager ali unal, who had a miraculous escape. translation: i felt bullets explode next to me. i threw myself over the fence, tripped and fell. the bullets were centimetres over my head. when i fell, he must have thought he had hit me, so he went inside and i heard the terrible sounds. the suspect still hasn't been caught. new pictures show him at the bus
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station in the central city of konya, before travelling to istanbul. so—called islamic state called him their brave soldier. the turkish authorities have given no more information about him. raids in part of istanbul from where he is thought to have travelled to the nightclub. no arrests were made. security is being tightened amid fears is could strike again here, in revenge for turkey's operations against the group in syria. there have, though, been others detained, including two foreigners at istanbul airport. it's not clear what link, if any, they are thought to have had with the attack. those tired of terror went to the scene of the massacre. a quiet commemoration. tributes were laid and thoughts gathered about how their country can rebuild, and how the next generation can regain a sense of safety. i don't want to cry anymore, while i'm watching the news.
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it makes me really sad. and i don't want my daughter to grow up in this kind of environment, you know? with this news of the background and everything. i want her to be happy. they must wait to see if those who protect this country are really closing in on the man who brought horror to new year's eve. mark lowen, bbc news, istanbul. now to the shifting front lines of the war in yemen. houthi rebels, thought to be backed by iran, captured the capital sana'a two years ago. since then, pro—government forces backed by a saudi—led campaign have been trying to take it back. the army says the rebels have planted thousands of landmines along the route the city and many civilians are getting caught in the conflict. nawal al—maghafi has been granted access to the front line of the yemeni army's battle for sana'a. this is where the battle
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to retake the capital begins. the mountains ahead are all that stand between the army and the capture of sana'a. their commander is taking us high up into the front line positions. he tells me the terrain makes it a naturalfortress for the houthi rebels and his men are always exposed to death. it's the first time an international broadcaster has visited these areas. the army are just a0 miles from the capital. but the closer they push into the mountains, the harder the fight becomes. translation: everyday we make some progress. we attack and we take land. people are lost, but at least land is liberated. the rebels are retreating on a daily basis. but both sides have reached a stalemate. despite arms and air support from the saudi—led coalition,
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these fighters from the national army haven't made any major gains. and as they fight for ground, the situation in yemen has deteriorated drastically. as the front lines shift, landmines have been left behind. the army say that the houthi rebels have planted tens of thousands of them in both military and civilian areas. the scale of the problem makes yemen one of the worst affected countries in the world. despite a lack of training, the army say they've diffused over 30,000 mines in the past year alone. the locals in this area say all their farmland was mined. this is one of the areas that the houthis had control of as they were trying to take over. the national army and the people then pushed them out, and as they were doing so, the houthis planted landmines scattered all over these fields. this man and his family fled once the fighting started.
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they thought it was safe to return to their home. translation: my wife was praying here in the room and my son and daughter were sitting with her. they had lunch and my son asked my wife to pass him a blanket. as she pulled the blanket there was a huge explosion. the mine planted in his home killed his wife, 22—year—old son and eight—year—old daughter. it hurts to remember what happened, he says. we just want to forget. the houthis strongly deny the use of landmines in civilian areas. they say they only target military vehicles and accused the coalition of planting their own mines. regardless of who is responsible, the prospect for a lasting solution remains distant, and the yemeni people stuck in the middle continue to pay the price. nawal al—maghafi, bbc news, yemen.
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it was once billed as the eighth wonder of the world, a city meant to match the glitz of las vegas. in the 1980s, donald trump promised to make atlantic city great again. but his companies there went into bankruptcy and now 30 years later many of his casinos have closed down. as mr trump prepares to take over as us president in two weeks' time, nick bryant has been to atlantic city to find out what its fortunes say about his track record in business. donald trump promised to make atlantic city great again. in the 1980s he opened a string of casinos to make it an east coast rival to las vegas. the trump taj mahal, he boasted, would become the eighth wonder of the world. but it's decay rather than decadence that greets you now. we are at the centre of the trump taj mahal. local guide levi fox runs a trump tour, telling the story of how the billionaire's companies went
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into bankruptcy here four times. he did never achieve his promises, and it makes me wonder whether he could achieve that for america, although at this point we all hope that he can. his old casino empire was opened with vintage champagne and vintage trump showmanship. he took michaeljackson on a guided tour. but the city never did come to rival las vegas. he got out of town seven years ago. since then he's taken action to have his name removed from his old casinos, fearing perhaps they'd be seen as monuments of failure. i think he was one of the causes of atlantic city being the way it is today. from his boardwalk buggy, freddie watched his rise and fall. in the beginning he was doing good, and then later on, put it like this, if you have four casinos in atlantic city and now you have none, what does that tell you? so when he says he can make america great again? i don't think so.
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things that got so bad here that the state of newjersey took over the city to save it from bankruptcy. even the pawn shops aren't doing much business, because people here have little left to pawn. inside we met a building contractor, danny mcmahon. trump's years in atlantic city, he says, offered proof that all that glistens isn't gold. trump used to run this city. i used to watch him not pay his bills and screw everybody over, and pay a penny on the dollars and take them to court, and i understand that businessman aspect of it. but you're screwing the little man. two years ago we interviewed donald trump about atlantic city, and he blamed its decline on local politicians and the fact that he left town. i decided years ago to get out, and it was a good decision. but it's a decision very interestingly that coincides with when atlantic city started going down. but i still have a warm spot in my heart for atlantic city, because i did great there for a long time.
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but does atlantic city still have a warm spot for him? the verdict was delivered on election day, where here they voted for hillary clinton. nick bryant, bbc news, newjersey. the religious divisions in northern ireland have pervaded its education system. the overwhelming majority of pupils go to schools based on religious denomination. but now, as part of a push to encourage joint education between protestants and catholics, one of the biggest school campuses in britain is being built in county tyrone. as chris buckler reports, the sharing of facilities on one site is seen as a way of breaking down barriers in divided communities. in northern ireland there is a clear divide in education. more than 90% of pupils are taught separately in what are broadly seen as protestant and catholic schools. there are many who believe that only
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reinforces the idea of two distinct communities in the one place. but now there's a push to bring schools a little closer together. obviously there is division between protestants and catholics, but obviously now we're looking to the future. these pupils are from some of the six schools that will soon sit side—by—side on omagh‘s first shared education campus. it will make a big difference, where i'm from there is not as much from other backgrounds. the six different schools will have separate buildings on a 140 acre site. this land housed an army base during the many years of violence in northern ireland. the notorious omagh bombing happened just a mile away from where the school campus is being built. shared education is part of attempts to create what the politicians call a shared future, and escape those decades of division. there are even proposals for schools
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that will share the same building. the difference will be that whenever protestant and catholic pupils walk in, they'll be wearing different uniforms and one group will turn left and the other will turn right, to be taught in their different wings of the building. there are people who believe that only reinforces differences in identity. they want integrated education. that's when catholic and protestant pupils are taught together. i think shared education is helping, but i think integrated education is the actual ultimate aim that our education system should be working towards. but the vast majority of parents in northern ireland still choose to send their children to protestant or catholic schools. what our school offers is a separate experience, a separate identity, a separate tradition, within that faith—based environment. this is a unique opportunity to bring us all onto one campus so that we still maintain our own identity and ethos, but have that ability to share
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when we need to share. arvalee recently became the first school to open on the strule campus. it's for pupils with learning difficulties, and it's hoped the relationships will be developed with its eventual neighbours too, but the true test for this project won't be how close the school is physically to each other, but how close the pupils feel. chris buckler, bbc news, omagh. one of africa's great lakes, lake victoria, is running out of fish. its stocks have fallen significantly over the years, forcing fishermen whose livelihoods once depended on it to look for alternative means of survival. more and more of them are now digging up ponds by the lake to farm fish. the bbc‘s anne soy has been to western kenya on the edge of lake victoria to find out more. the look of disappointment. after more than eight hours on the lake, this is all these fishermen could catch.
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these women, who have been waiting all day to buy and take the fish to the market, aren't happy either. many of them will have to go away empty—handed. over the last decade and a half, the amount of fish caught on the kenyan side of the lake has fallen from 200,000 tonnes a year, tojust 28,000. there are two major reasons. one is pollution, in terms of effluents, especially from the lake region. another reason is the issue of usage of inappropriate fishing gears and fishing methods. the lake has also been choking from the invasion of this weed, the water hyacinth. the water hyacinth is being blown back onto the water behind me and in a matter of hours it will have completely covered this part of the lake. its movement is unpredictable, but for fishermen they'd have to constantly look for accessible landing sites. that threatens their source of livelihood, so they've been
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forced to look for alternative means of survival. fishing for us in the family is a culture. this man says he comes from a long line of fishermen, but he was forced to sell his boats three years ago. he teamed up with other former fishermen to invest in these ponds. they have nearly 10,000 fish here. it's not something that's easy for most of us, because we're not used to management of fish. we're to going and harvesting. but now i have to pick up this, and i must say that it's something that's a good experience for me. unlike capture fishing, where they get money from their catch every day, now they have to put in capital and manage the ponds for around eight months before harvesting the fish. this water culture expert says most african fish farmers are ill—equipped for the trade. there are big problems in africa which is not unique to us. we are part of africa. one is the quality seeds, quality feeds, quality and practical information,
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then of course there's the capital and the agreement. but now i have to pick up this, and i must say that it's something that's a good experience for me. unlike capture fishing, where they get money from their catch every day, now they have to put in capital and manage the ponds for around eight months before harvesting the fish. this water culture expert says most african fish farmers are ill—equipped for the trade. there are big problems in africa which is not unique to us. we are part of africa. one is the quality seeds, quality feeds, quality and practical information, then of course there's the capital and the agreement. the farmers also have a lot to learn from this investment, which has grown from capital of less than $10,000 in 2010 to more
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than $1 million today. the cultural shift seems unstoppable. now more and more women arejoining the trade. traditionally fishing was the preserve of men. a majority of them still eke a living out of the lake, but as the winds of change continue to blow, a growing number of them are being pushed ashore into fish farming. anne soy, bbc news. let's go back 100 years now to one of the bloodiest and the mightiest battles of the first world war. more than 325,000 allied troops and 260,000 german soldiers were killed in three months of fighting at passchendaele. to honour those who fell and to mark its 100th anniversary this year, two special events will be held in the belgian town of ypres injuly, where much of the fighting took place. robert hall has been there to see how they are preparing for the commemorations. my wound was slight and i was hobbling back, than a shell burst, slick upon the duck boards, so i fell into the bottomless mud and lost the light. there was not a sign of life of any sort, not a bird, not even a rat or blade of grass. the words of those who tried to sum up the hell of passchendaele. three months, when more than half a million men died. three months, when the allied army fought an enemy, the mud and the cold, to gain a few miles of ground. a century ago ypres was under siege.
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the roads leading north climbed steadily to the german lines which overlooked the allies on three sides. after the war the british made this sanitised documentary about the battle. tales of personal heroism, to distract from the ghastly reality. the reality of uphill advances, a sucking quagmire and the horrors of machine guns and gas. this year's commemorations will be focused in ypres, a city rebuilt from total destruction. there will be a series of events built around remembrance and the need to help visitors understand what happened here. steve armand oversees cemeteries across belgium. he says passchendaele holds a particular resonance. as you walk through the cemeteries you actually see the headstones and see the dates, particular dates on the headstones, and there's so many of them at times in one
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single day, ora month, and it's sometimes unbelievable that things like that happened. last post. on a freezing night under the menin gate, the bugles sound for the fallen once again. passchendaele is built into ypres's turbulent history. passchendaele is the loss of a lot of lives for us, a lot of people that we commemorate, day after day. and we want to continue the message that the last post hasn't forgotten. this summer's commemorations will be a partnership with the city whose people have never forgotten. robert hall, bbc news. now we've had take that, the backstreet boys, led zeppelin and fleetwood mac, but now it is vinyl making a comeback in the music industry. sales of vinyl records are at their highest for 25 years,
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with a new generation of collectors buying albums. even if they have no plans to play them. streaming sites are still the preferred method of listening to music, but for some you can't beat the purity of listening to a record. david sillito reports now on the vinyl revival. music. led zep ii. a classic album. for phil barton of sister ray records, there is no debate. musicjust sounds better when it comes on a 12 inch disc. but as a business it's been tough. however, things have begun to change. ten years ago i'd have given you the keys to the shop and said, look, i can't make any money out of this. so i didn't realise this stuff was still going to be hanging around. david bowie was the biggest seller last year. prince was also in the top ten, along with amy winehouse, fleetwood mac and the beatles.
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over the last ten years sales have grown by 1500%. however, a recent survey found that nearly half, 48%, were never played. of course it's worth putting this into some sort of context, because imagine that each of these records represents a million sales. the bpi says if you add in streaming, digital downloads, cds, about 123 million albums were sold last year. the number of vinyl albums sold last year — 3 million. but both are dwarfed by the real music titan — streaming. streaming is a totally different beast. 45 billion streams, it's at the other end of the spectrum. it's not really recorded music in the physical format as we know it. but it is felt that streaming can help younger listeners to eventually try the hard stuff. quite a lot of people at uni buy vinyls. do they?
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yes. they do, don't they? they do. in the inner sleeve here... however, for some, this was an entirely new experience. it's massive, look at it! what's that, 12 inches? it's like... like a pizza. it's like pizza. that's the thing that goes round, the circle. the spinning thing. you really have never touched or handled this ever before? no. it's a first. even drake, the world's most streamed artist, has now issued his back catalogue on vinyl, after discovering they were being bootlegged. but for most fans ofjustin bieber and the other kings of streaming, this way of listening is ancient history. david sillito, bbc news. it's that crackling sound we love, you just can't beat it. that is all from reporters for this week. from me, karin giannone, goodbye for now. good afternoon. a bit of a great,
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murky picture out that for many of us. murky picture out that for many of us. here was the scene captured over the skyline of london a few hours ago by one of our weather watchers. for the rest of the day, no great change. some mist and fog around. high pressure keeping things quiet at the moment things will change as this low pressure and weather front approach from the northwest for the remainder of the day the cloud, missed and low cloud. a few glimpses of brightness
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before the sun sets. our attention will turn to this rain in the north—west. pretty windy as well. rain in the barn north of scotland. tuesday, fairly quiet. the breeze coming in from the west. bringing a lot of cloud and splashes of rain, mainly around the coast and hills towards the left as that area of rain pushes eastwards it will fizzle out. reasonably mild once again by the time you get to choose the afternoon foot of the milder with us at the start of the week will ebb its way southwards. you can see return to blue, colours on the map. you can see the temperature is taking a tumble. there could be wintry showers around in the north. further south we will seek a return to frosty conditions. quiet and cloudy through the rest of the week and will do things turning unsettled
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and will do things turning unsettled and colderfor the and will do things turning unsettled and colder for the weekend. this is bbc news. i'm reeta chakrabarti. the headlines at 3pm: the prime minister says she will announce more details about her brexit plans over the coming weeks — insisting that britain will get the right deal. i think it's wrong to look at this as just i think it's wrong to look at this asjust a binary i think it's wrong to look at this as just a binary issue, i think it's wrong to look at this asjust a binary issue, that i think it's wrong to look at this as just a binary issue, that either you have control of immigration or have a good trade deal, i do not see it as have a good trade deal, i do not see itasa have a good trade deal, i do not see it as a binary issue. a lorry has rammed into a group of israeli soldiers injerusalem — killing four and injuring 15. the queen has attended church at sandringham, making her first appearance since missing services over christmas due to a heavy cold. a political advisor at the israeli embassy has been secretly recorded saying he wants to "take down" the foreign office minister sir alan duncan. the big freeze — parts of europe and the eastern united states are hit by a cold snap.
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heavy snowfall and sub—zero temperatures have left more than 20
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